Xenakis - Europe


200,00 € tax incl.

Artist XENAKIS Constantin
Technics Carborundum etching
Material Hand made paper Moulin de Larroque
Size 38,58" x 11,02" Inchees


Original carborundum etching signed and numbered by the artist.

Small run of 50 copies.

Manual intervention with paint hightlights. Each piece is different.

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Born to a French-American family in 1909 the Goetz painter, to overcome the difficulties of engraving, began looking for a technique that does not use water.

He developed in 1967, after 10 years of effort, carborundum etching.



Carborundum (silicon carbide) is a combined emanation of silicon and carbon, which is crystalline in nature and is similar to coal.

It is in the form of more or less fine-grained and has the distinction of strongly harden the materials with which it is mixed.

The recorder deposited on the metal or other support (plexiglass, ...) a paste of plastic resin (or other) and carborundum grains. Once dried, this very hard material has a relief. It is therefore not to incise a plate. The panel is used here only as a support for the added material, which is modeled asperities recessed and raised. This material has the advantage of retaining the ink with a wide variety of shades and structures.

From thereon, the printing process is identical to that of intaglio with the exception:

- The ink can be carried out both on the reliefs in the hollow,

- The shape given to the "matrix" smashes the paper and prints it in the press effect (up to 17 tons of pressure) as well as its negative colors applied by hand,

- The paper in thicker tank (600 gr) and humidified beforehand to soften it, is



The Goetz process used by painters is growing worldwide.

Variations of application and its technical possibilities are almost endless. Each artist reinvents and adapts the Goetz process open to the most diverse expressions.

Miro, Clave, Papart, Coignard, Hélénon, Brisson, including Cottavoz have applied or are still working with it always had innovation process.

Naturally it is possible to combine the carborundum etching with all other printing techniques.

Biography of XENAKIS Constantin:

Constantin Xenakis was born in Cairo, Egypt, December 28, 1931.

He lived in Paris since 1955.

In 1996, he received the Delmas Award by the Institute of France, at the recommendation of the French Académie des Beaux - Arts.

Scholarships: 1970 scholarship program DAAD Arts, Berlin. 1980 fellowship from the French Ministry of Culture.

Community action: Member of the Salon de Mai Executive Committee, Paris, from 1968 to 1983 member of the Founding Committee and the Group judges for "Vitry-sur-Seine" Painting Price, France, 1969-1990.

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