MIOTTE Jean is a painter born in 1926 in Paris. Abstract painter of the postwar period.
Jean Miotte is known for the way it transmits energy through the colors.
It is by its totally free and spontaneous gesture that built her web.
The space is transformed into a field of tension in color which is also formed by his knowledge of construction as by its artistic spontaneity.
Basic colors that reflect a strong emotion along with a high sensitivity, clarity of lines that run like a choreography in space vitality of writing, light transparency and side surfaces vigorously enforced and above all a challenge are constant features of his work.
Its dynamic gesture is pure energy, pure movement. The spiritual experience of gesture develops the metaphysics of the table, which has a complex relationship with the lived reality, therefore a determination of intellectual position and continues philosophical.
The creative force of the human being, responsible exclusively to himself, developed from existentialism is now in Miotte more alive than ever.
As one of the most important artists of the history of art after 1945, Jean Miotte French abstract painter was born in Paris on September 8 1926.A thirteen when the World War broke out. He must leave his house to the boarding and war brings deprivation and despair. John even stopped by militiamen in 1943 for throwing propaganda leaflets, but he manages to escape narrowly. Yet when he speaks of his childhood, he looks more like jazz than hunger or fear.
During the occupation, it "resists" through his passion for jazz, which was doubly forbidden because of the curfew and character "degenerate" of this music. Yet he did not hesitate to defy the curfew to join his friends and listen to "33 rpm" in fashion: Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, the rhythms of Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman or Old Man River.
Jazz, for his freedom, is a challenge, a form of resistance to the ideology.
The non-figurative abstraction gestures, usually identified as "informal art" is therefore an art born in the decade of the post-war and resulting from the denial of any traditional form, in response to the idolatry of the order advocated by fascism, which had led to the worst horrors and destruction.
In 1961, Jean received the grand prize of the Ford Foundation, which gives it access to a scholarship to work in the USA. He crossed the Atlantic and discovered the great American spaces. His first idea is not to lock themselves in a studio, but to open his eyes. He buys a car with the money from his purse and through the vast expanses, breathe the fresh air, young and free from the land of Uncle Sam. His paintings take the size of the country, color rejuvenates in more colors vivid, more mixed, gestures become more. Freedom needs space to "think big" to think further, to go to the end of his ambition.
Jean then moved to Soho and met several painters including Robert Motherwell (1915-1991), Mark Rothko (1903-1970), Jacques Lipschitz, Calder and Sam Francis. These painters will have an influence on its evolution.
If in America, Abstract Expressionism manifested a belief in progress and the collective potential of the vanguard, Art Informal in Europe is expressed by more individualistic approach embodied by the spontaneity of the gesture.
Jean Miotte has developed a large vocabulary almost calligraphic traces whose arcs and curves suggest frantic movements. It happens to very large paintings, oil l`acrylique, the explosion of colors, the black and white contrast. For this abstract language, are all built bridges between cultures, regardless of geographic barriers and local languages, creating a truly international language.
In 1980, Jean Miotte is the first western painter invited for exhibition in China after Mao. His painting provokes enthusiasm, especially the style of "greige fabrics." This new orientation of the painting is Jean borrows interiority, depth, restraint and at a time of great strength, she and dialogue with oriental calligraphy. Fruit of a long contemplation, the line passes deep emotion of the possible synthetic way: "I was looking for a certain refinement in my gesture, the opportunity to make a few strokes of color the essence of a true emotion, a sign that divides the area with the greatest simplicity. I wanted to introduce the deep resonance from a purely symbolic creative fantasy. We shared a common paradigm of rapid and spontaneous transcription. Chinese masters have all this living and eloquent approach ".
Thus the power of his painting quickly earned him international recognition. At work in his studios in Paris and Hamburg, New York and more recently in the Var Pignans and Fribourg in Switzerland (where he opened an art center), it marked and continues to mark the art of that time already for half a century, as shown below the long chronological list of events that concern him since his debut in Paris, and the vast repertoire of public collections that have acquired his works. Finally, the Chelsea Art Museum in New York is home to the Foundation Jean Miotte.
Jean Miotte is a gestural painter:
His informal painting based on a dynamic gesture, movement is pure and powerful, the lines are clear. The space is highlighted by a white that dominates the canvas.
Bright colors are laid with a gesture full of energy: the painter is expressed freely. Miotte Jean is a painter close to lyrical abstraction, he is also described as abstract expressionist.
The lyrical abstraction appears in 1947, this movement dominated by Georges Mathieu and Hans Hartung continues today. The speed, improvisation, spontaneity of gesture and emotion of the moment characterize this movement.
Lyrical abstraction is opposed to the geometric abstraction as too cold, too rigorous and sometimes even boring.
Abstraction Lyrique has several branches :
• The Abstract Expressionism or "Action Painting" or gestural painting. This is the most fertile branch (for current critics and art market). It is almost exclusively American. The main painters Pollock (and his technique of dripping), De Kooning, and Sam Francis. They work mostly in New York. Their teacher is Hans Hofmann. In France, Mathieu has seen some glory.
• "Tachism". 1933 Hans Hartung had been the precursor of action painting. It gives the line a seismograph psychic aspect. For the first time drawing a line is no longer driven to the plastic equivalents of real or conceptual.
• COBRA. In Europe, the meeting Asger Jorn, Karel Appel, Alechinsky and Corneille particular results in the formation of the Cobra group, which is another branch of lyrical abstraction.
• Color field painting. In the early fifties, the American painters give new life to abstraction. Mark Rotko, Clifford Still and Morris Louis are the leaders in the "Color field painting." As Tobey (also influenced by oriental art) these painters first work on the West Coast of the United States.
An open letter to the president of the Metropolitan Museum of Art on May 20, 1950, and signed by 18 painters angry (Pollock, de Kooning, Rotko, Still, Motherwell, Newman ...) is the source of said group "Irascibles". These artists were protesting against the conservatism of the museum and felt (confirmed by the history of art) to be the best painters of the postwar period.
He died on March 1, 2016.
"Couverture Livre objet Eclatement d'une grenade" Burlap collage and paint on cardboard hightlights black canvas signed and numbered by the artist. Run of 99 draw. Each piece is unique due to the manual intervention (painting and collage).
GALERIE SOPHIE BOULAN - Copyright - Aforma - 2015